Situated on an island in Western Europe, Ireland is part of the British Isles. The island itself includes both Ireland and Northern Ireland, which is administratively and politically part of the United Kingdom.
Ireland has a long history, with its oldest city, Waterford, founded by the Vikings in the 10th Century. The country also has a rich mythology with many of the Celtic legends familiar to visitors to the country. Nicknamed the Emerald Isle, Ireland is also known for its natural beauty and dramatic landscapes.